biodiversity presentation pdf

leaf width, leaf length, the length of petiole, stem diameter and plant height which contributed greatly to the diversity. Key words: Biodiversity, conservation, ecosystem services. The Economics and Ecology of Biodiversity Decline: The Forces Driving Global Change. Something as basic as biodiversity need not be measured solely in terms of dollars and rupees. Out of total principal components PC1, PC2, PC3 with values of 41.6%, 24.4%, and 13.5% respectively contributed greatly to the total variation. pp: 1-19. ±0.50x108 sperm ml -1), spermatocrit value (58.24 ±4.35%) and sperm motility duration (64.57 ±11.44 sec.) River water is forced through tunnels for operation of two hydropower projects namely Rajwakti hpp (3.60 MW) and Vanala hpp (15 MW). The trends in the camel population growth projected at approximately 1.6 million camels in the Arab Peninsula and approximately 53% of the total in KSA with untapped manure falling along with the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) making them ideal for energy extractions and applications in remote and rural areas. Biodiversity and Conservation PPT PDF Part 1; Biodiversity and Conservation PPT PDF Part 2; Email This BlogThis! Vanilla planifolia was also known to have the highest important value of 46.24. Ecosystem services are the benefits that humans obtain from ecosystems; for example, food and water, medicines, etc., which sustain the conditions for life on Earth. Presentation of biodiversity 1. The present research investigated morphology and production character in ten accessions of local eggplant. << A greater awareness of the value of diversity B. The data of abiotic and biotic factors of lotic, lentic and downstream zones of each non-agricultural space used by humans (buildings, gardens, roads, etc.) PPT OF BIODIVERSITY 1. ecosystem services of biodiversity is maintained through formation and protection of soil, conservation and Rather, it represents the variability within and among them. It has been empirically shown that native species richness is linked to the health of ecosystems, as is the quality of life for humans. Fishery of the stream is of subsistence nature and is under intense pressure of anthropogenic activities. environment, contribution to our material well-being through utilitarian values by providing food, fodder, fuel, and on the proportion of this area without major extinctions. The physico-chemical characteristics recorded during the study period in the different seasons are water temperature (9.0-16.0 0C), velocity (.50 m-s-1.46 m-s), TDS (49 mg-l – 65 mg-l), pH (8.0 - 8.3), DO (7.3 mg-l – 10.5 mg-l), Free CO2 (0.10 mg-l – 0.30 mg-l) and turbidity (06-30 NTU). 147. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699. Biological diversity (biodiversity) is the occurrence of different types of ecosystems, different species of organisms with the whole range of their variants and genes adapted to different climates, and environments along with their interactions and processes. >> This report is not intended to be a thorough systematic mapping, review and synthesis of evidence. The first successful cryopreservation attempt was made on bull spermatozoa in 1951 leading major breakthrough in animal husbandry. In other to achieve sustainable utilization, resourcing research institutions and universities to join the regional tray of biotechnology studies should be of great interest to the government and policymakers. It is not only a useful management tool, it offers several benefits such as stock protection from being totally eliminated due to sudden outbreak of disease, natural disaster, over exploitation etc. Traditional enclosures and pastoral mobility are among the important indigenous practices used for rehabilitation of degraded rangelands and conservation of fragile ecosystems. tat and biology in the form of coldwater fish atlas of Garhwal Himalaya. 01963.x. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The basic principles and essential steps of cryopreservation techniques for the sperm of fresh water fish species are explained with the example from a commercially important coldwater food fish species (Schizothorax richardsonii) as a model. Download Full PDF Package. 1.5 Structure and scope of the Good Practice Guidance 16 Provides a route map to the content of the GPG and illustrates the conceptual approach adopted for the GPG. In that effort, the social sciences could include, but not be limited to, anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, musicology, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology. has least similarity with all other zones. A number of different protocols are advocated in literature for the preservation of fish semen but most of them are concerned with the salmonids, tilapia, and carp. Fish semen can also be cryopreserved as pellets on dry-ice blocks and then stored in caped cryovials in liquid nitrogen. by these changes in abiotic features. Milt samples of good quality (sperm motility >75%) were pooled and frozen within 2 hours of collection. river were compared to reveal influence of dam on these regulated rivers. Study sites selected in the continuous flowing stretch (S-1 and S-3) reported maximum, while fragmented sites (S-2 and S-4) recorded low species richness. It refers to genetic variation, ecosystem variation, species variation (number of species) within an area, biome or planet. To ensure intra and intergenerational equity, it is important to conserve biodiversity. Irrespective of the species, fish semen requires dilution before it has to be cryopreserved. This study used roaming methods with 10 imaginary plots, identification of samples using the book Orchid of Java by Comber (1990), and analysis of data to determine the abundance of species. Extenders and cryoprotectants are important and play a vital role in cryopreservation. Study reports eleven fish species from the stream belonging to two orders, three families and six genera. Plants, animals, and all other living beings interacting with each other (in each area) make up the living component, while the non-living component includes the weather, earth, sun, soil, climate, and atmosphere. Equilibration time was standardized as 45 min for DMSO and 60 min for glycerol. Orchid has 25,000 to 35,000 species that have been described, but orchids can only grow under special conditions (microclimate), those are light intensity, nutrition, climate, weather, and mycorrhizae, so they grow as epiphytes, lithophytes, terrestrial or semi-terrestrial. Two Milt: diluent (extender + cryoprotectant) ratios 1:4 and 1:10 were used. /Height 139 PPT OF BIODIVERSITY Tusharkanti Nayak. To minimize cryoinjuries during cooling and thawing process, various cryoprotective agents of permeating and non-permeating categories are used. Y. Gokhale and A.K. Easy Biology Class. All these mountainous streams provide a good natural habitat for survival of hill stream fishes. However, often biodiversity (and other gifts of nature) get short-changed since only economics is used while valuing it. The observation made during study showed the occurrence of 22 fish species belonging to 2 orders, 3 families and 9 genera from varying habitat of falls, cascades, rapids, riffles and pools in various sections of river Bhilangna and its tributaries. (4). Biological diversity is often understood at three levels: 1. It also emphasizes the need for conservation efforts. Both the structure of habitats and their ecological functions will change in a new climate regime. pp: 173-182. The intrinsic value of biodiversity refers to its inherent worth, which is independent of its value to anyone or anything else. agricultural efficiency (2), groundwater drawdown by irrigation (3), and In order to guarantee the successful consolidation of the proposed geopark within the defined territory, this initiative must count the strong support of the local communities and must involve stakeholders such as government authorities, academic and research institutions, and local businesses. the presentation of material in these guides does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or areas or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Ecosystem diversity refers to all the different habitats that exist, like tropical or temperate forests, hot and cold deserts, wetlands, rivers, mountains, c… /Width 593 Microbes in human welfare PDF PPT; Biodiversity and Conservation PDF PPT; Email This BlogThis! Introduction The term Biodiversity was first coined by Walter G. Rosen in 1986. THE POTENTIAL OF BIODIVERSITY UTILIZATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA, Potential of Camel Dung as Promising Organic Manure in Saudi Arabia, Chicamocha Canyon Geopark project: A novel strategy for the socio-economic development of Santander (Colombia) through geoeducation, geotourism and geoconservation, Understanding Biodiversity, for human & societal wellbeing, DIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION STRATEGY OF ORCHID SPECIES ON KARST LAND IN MUDAL RIVER PARK ECOTOURISM, KULONPROGO, YOGYAKARTA, An introduction to contaminants in agriculture and environment, Morphology and production character of local eggplant based on principal component analysis, Indigenous knowledge and rangelands’ biodiversity conservation in Tanzania: success and failure, KÜRESELDEN YERELE KAMUSAL MALLAR TOHUM GEN BANKALARI, Techniques to Assess Animal Diversity: Faunal Diversity Assessment, Temperate and alpine grasslands of the Himalaya: Ecology and conservation, Present status and threats to the Ichthyofaunal diversity of a snow fed river Nandakini in central Himalaya (Garhwal), India, Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Biodiversity Synthesis, Estimated Impact of Global Population Growth on Future Wilderness Extent. There were significant differences in these parameters enhancement of the components of biological diversity. brings about changes in abiotic and biotic factors compare to untamed rivers and the Biodiversity is the life support system. A common measure of this variety, called species richness, is the count of species in an area. To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes. Most affected species have been found Schizothorax, Glyptothorax, Pseudecheneis,Garra,Labeo, Crossocheilus, Noemacheilus, Barilius, Psilorhynchus, Clupisoma, Mastacembelus, and migratory Tor, spp., which are indigenous rheophilic species requiring distinct habitats to fulfil their life cycle stages. Tehri dam, the highest earthen dam in Asia is The DMSO proved better than glycerol. Mudal River Park Ecotourism is located in the Menoreh mountains region and has a form of karst land that contains high calcium, which affects the recovery of vegetation. ), Community based. Animal diversity assessment describes their food, habitat, ecology, and their population. BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION: Biodiversity is the variety and var... Biodiversity conservation and national development. Natural capital and biodiversity considerations will be integrated into business practices; Making the EU a world leader in addressing the global biodiversity crisis. Biodiversity and Conservation CHAPTER 7 Lesson 7.3 Protecting Biodiversity Just 2.3% of the planet s land surface is home to 50% of the world s plant species and ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on - id: 5adddc-YzQ0Y This first successful attempt to cryopreserve the S. richardsonii milt explores the possibility to improve efficiency of hatchery oriented seed production and thereby propagation of the species through river ranching and ex-situ conservation of its germplasm. This The importance of biodiversity, especially of the readily useful agricultural biodiversity, and its use for the sustained future of humans, requires wider understanding by the general public; it needs to be routinely turned into actions like diversity of foods and other everyday uses. birth rate is an important factor influencing the quality and quantity 7) However, the word “Biodiversity” is relatively new, and is thought to have first been coined as a contraction of the term “biological diversity” in 1985 and then popularised by a number of authors1. Subscribe to: Post Comments (Atom) Followers. Schizothorax richardsonii, S. plagiostomus are dominate species in the riverine segment of river Bhilangna while Cyprinus carpio (common carp) is the dominate species in impoundment segment of river Bhilangana (reservoir area). Careful manipulation of temperature excursion is required to control the size, configuration and location of ice crystals. Flow of rivers become impeded and are regulated due to construction of dam. Biodiversity has cultural value to humans as well, for spiritual or religious reasons for instance. In this paper, a broad literature search was conducted to identify relevant articles that correspond to the main topic. Biodiversity in India. Tanzania is one of the African countries endowed with diverse rangeland’s biological resources hosting 6 out of 25 globally known biodiversity hotspots. There are many impacts towards Download with Google Download with Facebook. A stretch of ~09 km of this river has been drastically fragmented resulting into reduction in water discharge, seriously violating the continuity in its original course and was unbefitting for the survival of fishes. endobj completed in 2004 about 1km after confluence of rivers Bhagirathi and Bhilangana. Species diversity refers to the variety of different species; 2. This indicates that Snow trout (Schizothoracines) group was dominating, contributed 33.41% of fishes followed by Noemacheilus spp. /CreationDate (D:20210115170932Z) /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB ���� JFIF �� C �� C�� �Q �� It comes down from the hills of Baragari and through Joshiyara debouches into the river Bhagirathi at Uttarkashi (elevation 1128 masl). that the water temperature, velocity, transparency and carbon dioxide content of the parent To study artificial fertilization INTRODUCTION The term Biodiversity was first coined by … Cryopreservation of snowtrout (S.richardsonii) milt as a means for propagation and ex-situ conservation of species. Principal component analysis (PCA) indicated that four components (PC1 to PC4) accounted for about 90% of the total variation among traits in eggplant accession. Populations of fast flowing riverine species have been collapsed or even disappeared from fragmented sections of the river system. /Producer (�� Q t 4 . smaller reductions in surface area of biodiverse unmanaged land (0.7% as The ecosystem services of biodiversity is maintained through formation and protection of soil, conservation and purification of water, maintaining hydrological cycles, regulation of biochemical cycles, absorption, breakdown of pollutants and waste materials through decomposition, determination and regulation of the natural world climate. 4 0 obj The proposed Chicamocha Canyon Geopark project is starting its way for nomination as a UNESCO Global Geopark under the recognition of the Global Geoparks Network. different plants, animals, micro-organisms, the genes contained in them and the ecosystem they establish. Study examined the present status of Ichthyofaunal diversity of river Nandakini and some major threats to its fish fauna. Four extenders namely, Mounib’s medium, KCl medium, extender modified from Buyukhatipoglu & Holtz and Extender 189 M of Horton were prepared and tested for their competency in preserving the motility and viability of sperm during refrigerated storage for few days. Orchids is a group of family Orchidaceae which has a high diversity. 30 Full PDFs related to this paper . The success of developed protocol was tested by post-thaw motility assessment. The first principal component had the highest positive loading for five characters out of 10 viz. Along with indigenous communities, forest dwellers and farmers are our best hope to preserve biodiversity, environmental health, and food security (Sthapit et al. Environmental changes, including loss of biodiversity, threaten agricultural production and quality. Cryopreservation is a process where biological materials such as cells and tissues are preserved by cooling to very low temperatures, usually at -196°C (the temperature of liquid nitrogen), yet remain viable after later warming to temperatures above 0°C. One can safely assert that without biodiversity, there is no future for humanity, at least as we know it. Biodiversity is the variety of life forms on earth and the essential interdependence of all living things. Srinagar (Garhawal) Uttarakhand. Future birth rate is however very uncertain. Highest planktonic abundance was recorded in lentic The country's biodiversity also underpins ecosystem resilience which plays a critical role by reducing disaster risks and peace-building strategies. For almost all these necessities, humans are dependent on nature in general, and biodiversity in particular. 1 0 obj of semen is determined as species characteristics. Biodiversity is the life support system. %PDF-1.4 Therefore, it is very important to conserve biodiversity. Thus, optimization of the protocol is needed for each individual species though some general rules are applied for each fish species. The Chicamocha Canyon, where is proposed to develop this project, has a great potential for the development of the tourism industry due to climatic conditions of the region, besides possessing a rich cultural and natural heritage that needs to be enhanced and protected. The conservation and management measures for river habitat and fish diversity are also suggested in the present communication. The result of this study could be exploited in the planning and execution of future breeding programme in local eggplant. /ca 1.0 The main purpose of this review article is to analyze and discuss the challenges and opportunities of Camel Manure (CM) as an effective management of the livestock waste, and its potential development in the management of biomass and energy technology (BETM). Free Ecology / Environmental Science PPT (Power Point Presentation): Classification, Measurement & Importance of Biodiversity PPT Download as PDF. Biodiversity is an essential part of the solution to climate change. lentic zone compare with smaller diatoms in lotic community suggests that the reservoir The sperms remained motile for 59.70 16.55 sec after activation. Mizaki Ayuzawa. Skip to content. Orchids were one of the key species in an ecosystem that can affect the presence of flora and fauna in them. Present communication deals with the reassessment of ichthyofaunal diversity of the river Bhilangna and its two sub tributaries, the Balganga and the Nailchami of Bhagirathi river system in Garhwal Himalaya. No comments: Post a Comment. This review established that, the country has rich indigenous knowledge potential for rangeland management and biodiversity conservation. In a landmark study published in … ��g� �u�m��浫Y� ��N�j�h �Ÿ��g#���� 9w\w@�3,�ݘ^}�� ��3�|]�7�جk7^;��}��?_�f$�x �{UؽO��E���}�����/Ymr�����8ALI�M@���6�g����} �s��h�Wq���m0Ṟ������8�H��M�&�N}��A�� SG�v]r����q%�>E�T��E �F��o��ch'��rz��c�>�Zu�1}o� k�VX�v0�����v��b2vuL�u��CJ��T�]/[���i,{�������ǡ��,4��-���xpX�b�* =��^S���a �-�!e���7�e�]��J���p�Tu�3{��������m/{fFR'ݏ!i}-7UR�t}nRw�e����� �W�Z���h~������V�����zB�V��3��^��v][���LB_ϟVW���;5\^T�|��� 8i�k��U�O��S�냎��zM��Vff™ۘ�&�ʣ˪�V�N��v���XI;�ݫ��_��5?�@@ The fresh and non-contaminated semen always showed more than 75 percent motile sperm. Semen is commonly packaged in cryovials, plastic straws or visotubes before it is cooled over liquid nitrogen vapor or in programmable freezer followed by storage in liquid nitrogen. Some of the existing measures of biodiversity conservation, including agricultural biodiversity, include the following: biosphere/forest preservers, zoological/botanic gardens, national parks, genebanks and adoption of breeding techniques, tissue culture techniques, social forestry to minimize stress on the exploitation of forest resources (Ramanatha Rao and Hodgkin 2002; ... Biodiversity has a huge benefits both in human economics and ecological services such as keeping hydrology cycle's balance, soil fertility, erosion barrier, and controlling microclimate [1] . /BitsPerComponent 8 After the first president, Kwame Nkrumah was overthrown in 1966, the nation witnessed a significant setback in terms of development which affected all aspects of the society including utilization of biodiversity and its sustainable development. biodiversity is particularly relevant when it comes to the scientific measurement of biodiversity. Orchid species were able to create specific microclimates that can accommodate the diversity of flora and other organisms. Research is needed to assess camel manure resources (supply and demand), the technology scope for economic, energy capacity and application evaluation to fill energy potential and challenges applications for KSA. Home; Lecture Notes. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. This paper aims to present the justifications of establishing this geopark. Climate change impacts biodiversity through complex interactions among species and between species and their habitats. Loss of biodiversity.ppt. /Creator (�� w k h t m l t o p d f 0 . Biodiversity play an important role mitigating climate change by providing long-term carbon sequestration due to CO 2 accumulation and ozone depletions, ... For example, in India, the case of house sparrow bird deaths was due to extensive pesticide accumulation in rice crop which declined its significant population in both rural and urban areas, ... Biodiversity is the result of variations in the morphology of plants, animals, microorganisms, genes in them, and their ecosystems, Mapping of aquatic resources of Garhwal Himalayan Region /Title (��) Wetlands filter pollutants from water, trees and plants reduce global warming by absorbing carbon, and bacteria and fungi break down organic material and fertilize the soil. The dominance of large colonial green algae in or. Vanilla planifoliawas known to have the highest density of 110, while the highest frequency were Acriopsisliliifolia, Dendrobiumcrumenatum, and Vanilla planifolia, which is 0.7. Conservation of Biodiversity 8. refers to genetic variation, ecosystem variation, species variation (number of species) within an area, biome or Biodiversity mglaudem. 1 2 . biodiversity.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Fish as a group, from biodiversity view point has the highest species diversity among all vertebrate taxa. The Earth’s ecosystem is made up of both living and non-living components, and their interactions. of pollutants and waste materials through decomposition, determination and regulation of the natural world In the present study altogether 23 fish species of nine genera, three families and two orders were collected from fragmented and continuous flowing river stretches. The research was carried out by planting ten plants from each accession in a row, the distance among plants and among beds were 50 cm respectively.
biodiversity presentation pdf 2021