The brain stem, which consists of the medulla (an enlarged portion of the upper spinal cord), pons and midbrain (lower animals have only a medulla). Figure 8. The brain processes information to make decisions using one of two systems: either the logical, rational (reflective) system or the quick, reactive system. It’s located below the midbrain. The limbic system is a group of interconnected structures located deep within the brain. The objective of this article is to give you an introduction about the brain parts and their functions rather than a detailed review of the research that has been done on the brain. It’s the brain … Play this game to review Human Anatomy. The human brain is a complex organ that holds the most importance in the entire human body. It’s the part of the brain that’s responsible for behavioral and emotional responses. But that’s just the first part of the process. Our brains have to do a lot of work with all that raw data that comes in – stitching it all together, choosing what to concentrate on and what to ignore. The reflective system is better for significant and important decisions; these generally should not be rushed. For example, the portion of the cortex that processes sensory information from the hand is adjacent to the portion that processes information from the wrist. The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. The white arrow refers to the arcuate fasciculus, a bundle of nerve fibers connecting parts of the brain, notably Wernicke's and Broca's areas. The retinae respond to various wavelengths of light from the world around us. Pons. It stores information for about a minute and can hold about seven items, such as a sentence just read or a phone number to remember. The largest part of the brain, the cerebrum has two hemispheres (or halves). For example, the primary visual cortex, the palm sized area at the lower rear part of the This is the largest part of the brain stem. The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, breathing, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates our body. The cerebrum controls voluntary movement, speech, intelligence, memory, emotion, and sensory processing. The brain can be divided into the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum: Cerebrum. Which part of the brain is responsible for coordination, non-verbal thinking and the ability to process sensory information. What are the different parts of the brain? Damage to either Broca’s area or Wernicke’s area can result in language deficits. 3. The prefrontal cortex is part of the frontal lobe and coordinates immediate facts. 1.2 The input of information to the brain is in the form of patterns All information that the brain receives, arrives as combinations of activity in the neural axons that are projected to the brain, that is, as patterns of neural activity. The midbrain helps control eye movement and processes visual and auditory information. Occipital Lobe Located at the back of the cerebral cortex. Jung & Haier, 2007. The temporal lobe, also part of the cerebral cortex, processes sights to help form long-term memory.