The Ahaggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, is a highland region in central Sahara, or southern Algeria near the Tropic of Cancer. But this is incorrect. Lake Tanganyika. UPSC Recruitment 2021 for Assistant Director, Specialist Grade 2 Assistant Professor, Assistant Director and Other Posts, Apply @upsc.gov.in 23 hrs ago CBSE 10th & … As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. Important Cities. In fact, to this date, there is still fault actio… This region continues over the Eastern Highlands and forms a wide area around the equatorial forests. It is situated on the block mountain between the two branches of the Great Rift Valley. Streams start from the surrounding hills and flow into this lake instead of the sea. Largest and longest lake in India. It begins in the rivers that flow into Lake Victoria (located in modern-day Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya), and empties into the Mediterranean Sea more than 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) to the north, making it one of the longest river in the world. It covers an area of approx. Mount Stanley at Margherita Peak (5,119 m is the highest pick of this mountain system. Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, the largest lake in Africa and the chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. It is the southern most part of the continent and covers the countries such as Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. Thorny acacias, dwarf palms, and jujube trees are found here. It is bounded by the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Objective Questions on Physical Geography and World G ... Lake Victoria [C] Lake Michigan [D] Lake Ontario. The Kalahari Desert lies in the south and the Namib Desert is along the south-west shore of Africa. The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted … Lake Victoria is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. miles and encroaching parts of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Angola, and Zimbabwe. Vegetation at oases includes date palms, fig-trees, willows, poplars, and tamarisks. You’re going to remember Parts, Schedules of the constitution, Countries and adjoining Places, Organizations, Lakes and Seas, Important Passes, Tributaries etc. It is deepest and second largest lake of Africa. The Congo is the second-longest river in Africa. Lake Kariba is situated in the southernmost part of Africa a Zambezi river. Important Lakes in India for UPSC IAS PDF. The river and its network of tributaries are not navigable because of rapids and waterfalls caused by the descent from the plateau to the coast. The Nile River was critical to the development of ancient Egypt. The lake, which stretches into Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and whose catchment also touches Burundi and Rwanda, is known for its high-level of unique biodiversity. The height is about 4,321 km from the mean sea level. Finally, it joins the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. Lake Eyre. They yield pulp, timber, and such cabinet woods as mahogany, ebony, and teak. The physiographic divisions of Africa are into the following six regions: It extends from Algeria in the north, through, the Canary Islands, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Ceuta, Egypt, Libya, Madeira, Melilla, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia, It reaches up to Western Sahara. Largest river of Africa and passes through the equator. It covers an area of 1,54,000 sq. As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. Steppes bordering on deserts no trees are spotted, rather widely scattered bunches of grasses grow. Calculate Time and Cost. It is the third largest lake of Africa and borders Tanzania, Mozambique. The most important ones are the Nile, the Congo, the Niger, and the Zambezi. If you keep walking on the Mediterranean coast, starting from the coast of Egypt towards middle-east, you are likely to touch the coast of which of these countries en route? The topic Major Rivers of the World is important, and UPSC aspirants might also encounter 1 or 2 questions related to important rivers in UPSC prelims. It is quite obvious that as a large continent Africa experiences a highly variable climate. This is what I did and it really helped me to score well in prelims (and in daydreaming and planning my dream itinerary of touring around the Globe- if I am ever able to save enough money and get Ex-India leave). Nile Sources: Tributaries of Lake Victoria, Africa Outflow: Mediterranean Sea Approx. It is surrounded on all sides by the oceans and seas. To the north-west, in the Atlantic Ocean are the, West of Africa in the South Atlantic Ocean is the island of, All of them –British overseas territories, St. Helena Islands – the exile of Napoleon, Tristan De Cunha Island – the most remote island of the world. Lake Victoria. Separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, it is joined with Asia at its northeast extreme end by the Isthmus of Suez 163 Km wide. miles. Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. The coastal city Miami is located in which among the following countries? It is an extinct volcanic mountain situated in the northeast part of lake Victoria on the Uganda – Kenya border. Lake Manasarovar is a fresh-water lake in Tibet . They have multiple uses. Length (km): 6,690 … “Three-quarters (76%) of these endemics are at risk of extinction,” IUCN warned in a statement. Find out the 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Africa with an explanation for self-assessment which will be helpful for the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. River Zambezi flows into the Indian Ocean. Area : 68,880 sq. The range is again subdivided into high, medium, and Anti – Atlas group. Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. It stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. It is part of Alexandria’s Chain of Lakes with a channel on the north end to Lake Geneva and another at the southeast corner to Lake Jessie. Facts about lakes in India. The Sahara, the largest hot desert in the world, stretches across the entire width of North Africa. It rises from the Fout Djllon Mountain quite close to the sea but flows north and then turns south again to form a wide arc. The major countries contributing their land to Sahara deserts are Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Chad, Morocco, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, and Sudan. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. The grass is thick and coarse. Wine and others were arrested on Kalangala Island in Lake Victoria, sparking protests at the site about 80 km (50 miles) southeast of Kampala. Africa 3,320,000 sq. The formation of rift lakes is tied to geological action. Some notable aquatic features through which the Equator passes include the Atlantic Ocean, Lake Victoria, the Indian Ocean, the Karimata Strait, the Makassar Strait, the Gulf of Tomini, Molucca Sea, Halmahera Sea, and the Pacific Ocean. Its main headstream may then have been the present Atbara River. Lake Nasser is on the river Nile. Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira, is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania. A fresh report backed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) assessed the extinction risk of 651 freshwater species like fish, molluscs, dragonflies, crabs and aquatic plants native to Africa’s largest lake. There is a string of lakes in the rift valley. It has fully recognized 54 sovereign states. Q. Doumeira Islands, sometimes seen in news is located in –, a) Black Sea b) Red Sea c) Caspian Sea d) Mediterranean Sea. for life in … Central Africa. The region under Montane forests yields valuable timber and cabinet woods along with bamboo and wild varieties of coffee and banana. Lake Victoria, also the second largest freshwater lake on Earth It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). Swamp and marsh also occur along the larger rivers and lakes of western and central Africa. It is formed by a widening out of the eastern axis of high ground, which becomes subdivided into a number of zones running north and south and consisting in turn of ranges, tablelands and depressions. These are divided into three groups: The South African plateau as far as about 12°S, bounded east, west and south by bands of high ground which fall steeply to the coasts. There is a wrong notion among some UPSC candidates that they can learn everything by heart as far as maps are concerned. Grasses and low flowering plants grow only during the rainy months. Lake Victoria is located on the east side of Alexandria, Minnesota and has a wishbone shape. 4. Mediterranean type of vegetation in Africa is found along the northern and southern coast. An example of Block mountain. These mountains are the highest in Southern Africa rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. The lakes of the rift valley. In some places, there is the tall elephant grass. The island was the center of a low-level territorial dispute between Kenya and Uganda. Flinders Range. Lake Malawi. East Africa. The Equator runs almost through the middle of Africa. It is one of the biggest looks man-made like and it is the largest producer of hydroelectricity in Africa. The major physical divisions of African continent are: The vast African continents are famous for its saucer-shaped and steep edged plateaus that are facing towards the coast and extending from Guinea coast to Somali Land and north Sahara to the Cape Province. These are regions that grow short grasses only. Lake Tana is on the Ethiopian Plateau. miles approx. The Equator or 0 degrees latitude runs almost through the middle of the continent. The Equator passes through it. It is half the size of a football pitch. Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America , and the only one in the group located entirely within the United States . Consequently, all this action causes depressions within the zone that eventually leads to the formation basins that fill up with water to become lakes. The highest peak is 3,415 m. from mean sea level. miles the range borders Uganda and Congo (Kinshasa) and thought to be the “Mountains of the Moon. The top layer consists of the crowns of trees rising 125 to 250 feet (38 to 76 m) in height; the lower layers are arranged according to their height like shorter trees, shrubs, and vines respectively. A large part of Africa lies in the Northern Hemisphere. The African Great Lakes (Swahili: Maziwa Makuu) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.They include Lake Victoria, the second-largest fresh water lake in the world by area, Lake Tanganyika, the world's second-largest freshwater lake by volume and depth, and Lake Malawi, the world's eighth-largest fresh water lake by area. Egypt is called the gift of the Nile because without the river it would have been a desert. It is a physical separator between the extensive coasts of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Sea and the Sahara Desert. Islands between Africa and Latin America –. The large area of Africa is covered by tropical rain forests or selvas type of vegetation covering less than a tenth of the continent with heavy rain throughout the year. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. Geographic definitions of the Sahel region vary. Deepest point of Australia. The Zaire basin is one of the wettest regions of the Earth and is covered with dense impenetrable jungle. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area, and Nigeria by population. To the south lay the vast enclosed drainage system containing the large Lake Sudd. The Nubian Desert is the eastern region of the Sahara desert, between the Nile and the Red Sea. The lake, which stretches into Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and whose catchment also touches Burundi and Rwanda, is known for its high-level of unique biodiversity. There is virtually no rainfall here, and there are no oases. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. The South African plateau is connected towards the north-east with the East African plateau. It is the largest lake in Africa. The third division of the higher region of Africa is formed by the Ethiopian Highlands, a rugged mass of mountains forming the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent. Fig 2: Important rivers Lake Tanganyika is between Congo, Zambia, Burandi and Tanzania and Lake Malawi is … Mount Tahat is the highest peak (2, 918 m). Situated in the West of South Australia. A noted African conservationist, Mordecai Ogada, has said that Tanzania’s deal with two Egyptian firms to build a dam on the Rufiji river flowing through the Selous Game Reserve is probably an inducement by Egypt to the East African nation to not dam rivers draining into Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile river, the lifeline of the Arab nation. Musgrave Range; The mountain ranges of northern region. Different variety of shrubs and small trees, both deciduous and evergreen are grown. Within a rift zone, such as the Great Rift alley, there is constant movement of the earth’s tectonic plates. The Jebel Toubkal is among such highlands or mountain whose height is 4165 m from sea level. They even include many evergreens found in tropical rain forests, such as oil palms, rubber trees, and African ebony trees. Petroleum at mouth, navigable, irrigation, Cairo, Giza, Khartoum cities are on River Nile. Mostly found along the African coast, but are most extensive along the Gulf of Guinea. From Lake Albert, it flows as the White Nile. Katanga Plateau Farming, ranching, resource-rich – copper and Uranium deposits, Ethiopian Plateau Lake Tana (Source of Blue Nile), cooler despite close to the equator, Bie Plateau Important for copper, Agriculture and cattle rearing, Adamawa Plateau Savannah vegetation, Bauxite deposits. The plants are able to withstand long, dry summers with waxy, leathery leaves and long taproots develop here. It formed when westward-flowing rivers were dammed by an upthrown crustal block. Lake Chad at the southern edge in the Sahara Desert is in a region of inland drainage. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), Nelion (5, 188m – 17,022 ft) and Lenana (4,958 – 16,355 ft). Lake Edward: Located between Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. These plates may push or pull towards each other depending on the type of force in play. Nearly 12 m below sea level. It is a man-made lake located between Egypt and Sudan. depth : 80 m. This is the Sudan type of climate and has tropical Grassland or Savanna vegetation. Lake Kainji. It is also the highest peak of Lesotho. Away from the Equator to the north and south, rainfall decreases and there is a zone where there is a definite dry season unlike the equatorial region where it rains always. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Australia – Lake Eyre(salt lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. They are located in the eastern part of South Africa, running from some 1,000 km. It is situated on the northwestern part of the continent stretching over an area of 2400 km towards the southwest direction across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. ADELAIDE. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world rising 4,600 m (15,100 ft) from its base and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft). Provide the origin, destination, and weight of your shipment to compare service details then sort your results by time or cost to find the most cost-effective shipping service. Prominent mountain ranges with some of the very high raised mountain peaks are the specialty of African Continents. It lies 2500 m above sea level. Australia – Lake Eyre(Salt Lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. It is the large landmass situated exactly in the middle of the continent covering Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe. The slopes of the mountain are covered with thick evergreen forests. Page 8 of World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Lake Victoria species under threat: report, National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of India, Severe uranium contamination in India’s groundwater: Study, Recognition of Products under Geographical Indications, Copyright@IAS Abhiyan-2020 I All Rights Reserved. World’s second deepest lake (1435 m ) after Ozero, Baikal and also the second largest lake of Africa. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Situated on the St. Vincent Gulf. These are mostly situated in the northern part of Chad and spread west into northern Niger and the Southern border area of Libya. The northern region raises cork oak, olive trees, cedars, and pines; in the south, laurels, cedars, and ironwood. The East African plateau, with probably a slightly greater average elevation, and marked by some distinct features. The Owners Association of Victoria Lakes, Inc. C/O Florida Property & Association Management, Inc. PO Box 440367 Jacksonville, FL 32222-0004 Our management company's office is located at: 4736 Blanding Blvd Jacksonville, FL 32210 Your association board has partnered with Nabr Network to bring you this website and mobile app! It is also called the horn of Africa which extends several hundred kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted to agricultural land. Geologically, Lake Victoria is relatively young at about 400,000 years old. River Limpopo also flows into the Indian Oceans, which crosses the Tropic of Capricorn twice. The Doumeira Islands are situated northeast of Djibouti and east of Eritrea near the Bab el-Mandeb in the Red Sea. The picture was, however, far darker when looking only at the freshwater species endemic to the area — 204 of those assessed, according to the report titled “Freshwater biodiversity in the Lake Victoria Basin”. Savannas, covering perhaps one-third of the continent, consist of areas mainly growing grass. In some parts of the continent, large forest reserves have been established. Max. Its size is 416 acres and has a maximum depth of 60 feet. Nile River - Nile River - Physiography: It is thought that approximately 30 million years ago the early Nile, then a much shorter stream, had its sources at about 18° to 20° N latitude. Commonly, the Sahel stretches from Senegal on the Atlantic coast, through parts of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Sudan to Eritrea on the Red Sea coast. Migingo is a small rock Island, located in Lake Victoria which is the largest lake in Africa and the largest Tropical Lake in the whole world. Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa (Malawi) are the larger ones. It is the source of the white Nile. Oil palms, rubber-producing trees and vines, orchids, and lilies are among the numerous kinds of plants found in these forests. Great Victoria Desert. Africa is the only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass. Lake Victoria. The High Veld of southern Africa is temperate grassland between 3,500 and 11,000 feet (1,070 and 3,350 m) above sea level. It is extremely densely populated. They are located about 1,500 km south of the capital, Algiers. 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